Once considered one of the "Big Four" American carriers, along with the Americans, Delta and United, it was innovative and extremely successful after it became the world's second-largest airline in six decades of history.
Tracking its origins at Pitcairn Aviation, which was set up on September 15, 1927, she found an airline next year between Brunswick, New Jersey and Atlanta with an open cockpit PA-5 Mailwings.
But North American Aviation, a holding company for several new aircraft and aircraft manufacturers, bought the company a year later and changed its name to "Eastern Air", opens passenger services with the Ford 4-AT Trimotors of the multi-sector hop from Newark to Washington via Camden, Baltimore, Washington and Richmond on August 18, 1930. The acquisition of Curtiss Condor enabled him to extend his route to Atlanta.
After acquiring Ludington Air Lynx three years later, he managed to include a New York-Philadelphia-Washington triplet into his system.
The growth of Eastern Europe, like many other carriers, is driven by the Air Mail Act of 1934, which involves contracting government contracts to private mail transport companies while the US Postal Service has chosen them on the offer have competed with others. Although this has led to the creation of companies to start operating air traffic routes in the hope of being elected, it is usually necessary to separate ownership of the same property of the manufacturer and the carrier.
Bypassing the constraint imposed on him as a result of his conference of heads-up conferences with general postmaster Walter Fogher Brown, "Eastern Air Transport" changed its name in 1934 to what would have been known through its history – Eastern Airlines ".
Captain Eddie Rickacker, an American American airline that won the Honor Contest Medal, bought the North American Aviation Carrier for $ 800,000 and took over the airplane modernization program.
Building on its magnificent Silver Navy, it quickly replaces the slow Curtiss Condor biplane with all-metal DC-2, two of which became the first to land at the new Washington Airport in 1941. Leaving its mark on an expanding East In 1937 the eastern part of the New York and Miami sector has a 21-passenger DC-3 with a wider cabin.
As many American airlines, whose growth was interrupted by the necessity of World War II, the military requirement for military purposes, the East made its own military flights for maintenance in 1942, connecting the three states in Florida, Pennsylvania and Texas, spreading their wings in Trinidad in the Caribbean, and exclusively forming the Miami military service for which the Curtiss C-46 commands.
The seed of its pioneer, a three-city northeast shuttle was planted two years later when the Civil Aviation Board (CAB) handed it to New York-Boston route over American. The technological advancement of the 1950s, expressed as scope, payload, speed, comfort and safety, happened so quickly that at the time the aircraft was being produced, its replacement was already on the drawing board.
The fourth DC-4 engine soon completed its 39 DC-3 two-engine engines, with its network now including Detroit, St. Louis and San Juan, Puerto Rico.
The Lockheed L-649 Constellation set, launched in 1947, brought the larger capacity of the L-1049 Super Constellation, which signed its signed New York-Miami route on December 17, 1951. Martin 4-0 – The 4s replaced the DC-3 and by the middle of the decade the first DC-7B filters the business of Eastern Europe.
The acquisition of Colonial Airlines gave him access to New York, New England, Canada, Bermuda and Mexico City.
The Propjet is in the form of a Lockheed L-188 Electra four-stroke engine that was put into operation on January 12, 1959 between New York and Miami and a pure jet in the form of the four Douglas DC-8 engines only a year later , soon supplemented by a smaller capacity but a higher Boeing 720 shipping speed.
East is the first of the largest four American carriers to operate the 727-100 three jet "Whisperliner" runway from Philadelphia-Washington-Miami and the two DC-9-10 jets.
The famous New York-Boston-Washington clock was introduced on April 30, 1961 with the L-188 Electra, for which he said: "No need to make a reservation."
One-way fares for the week were $ 69.00 for Boston and $ 42.00 for Washington, and weekend break prices were $ 55.00 for adults and $ 37.00 for children by both
Eventually the shuttle was operated by DC-9-30, 727-200 and A- 300.
Breaking his hitherto hatches on the east coast in the late 1960s, he expanded to Seattle and Los Angeles on the west coast, to Nassau and Freeport in the Bahamas with the acquisition of Mackey Airways and several Caribbean Islands after Caribair ,
Passing the torch to another known aerospace person, Captain Eddie Rickeckback relinquished control of Colonel Frank Borman, who buried the land in Gemini VII in 1966 and the moon in Apollo VIII two years later.
East entered the wide body era with Lockheed L-1011-1 TriStar in 1972, becoming the first American carrier to operate the European Airbus Industrie A-300 in 1978 when it ordered 23, and was the start-up customer of Boeing 757 -200.
Following the acquisition of Latin America routes in 1982 and the establishment of a San Juan Center, he became the world's second-largest carrier in terms of year-end passengers following Aeroflot, creating centers in New York, Charlotte, Atlanta, Miami and San Juan, and began with the motto "We must win our wings every day."
But, while winning his wings, he did not have to win the winnings to maintain their lift. The debt of airplane purchases needed for its expansion and labor disputes required acquisition by Texas Air Holdings worth $ 615 million, which was also owned by the Continental in 1986, and the East became a carcass. Airplanes are sold. Employees were released. Assets were transferred to Continental. And his image quickly worsened, especially when he was actually eliminated in flight to reduce costs.
Declaring bankruptcy in 1989 and discontinuing operations two years later, on January 19, one-time "wings of man" became one of deregulation after a flight of six flights.
Source by Robert Waldvogel